munich_i Session 5: Interaction of humans and robots

Premiere 2021

To final report

Humanoid robots are leaping into our lives.

Human-robot collaboration has been making its way into industrial manufacturing for a while now. But when scientists discuss the “Interaction of humans and robots” at the munich_i Summit, they do not refer to standard HRC applications – but to genuine topics of the future: What are the capabilities of humanoid robots in manufacturing, service and science? How can human-robot interaction be better tailored to people? What is the visual appearance of human robots that support us in our everyday lives or in deep-sea exploration?

Renowned scientists will present relevant research findings from all over the world:

Jean-Paul Laumond, INRIS
Prof. Leila Takayama, University of California
Prof. Oussama Khatib, Stanford University
Prof. Dr Eng. Abderrahmane Kheddar, LIRMM
Prof. Yoshihiko Nakamura, University of Tokyo
Session chair

The Speakers of the Session

"Robotics: the science of motion”

Robots are moving machines submitted to the physical laws of gravity. The talk reports more than 30 years of fundamental research on robot motion planning and control, a research that ranges from computational geometry to probabilistic algorithms via nonholonomic systems. The talk will be illustrated by success stories in Product Lifecycle Management (PLM), mobile robotics, humanoid robotics and biomechanics.

Jean-Paul Laumond, IEEE Fellow, is a roboticist. He is Directeur de Recherche Emeritus at CNRS. Previously with LAAS-CNRS (team Gepetto) in Toulouse, he joined in 2019 the research unit DIENS affiliated to ENS, CNRS and INRIA (team Willow) in Paris. His research is about robot motion planning and control. In 2001 and 2002 he created and managed Kineo CAM, a spin-off company from LAAS-CNRS devoted to develop and market motion planning technology. Siemens acquired Kineo CAM in 2012. In 2006, he launched the research team Gepetto dedicated to anthropomorphic motion studies along three perspectives: artificial motion for humanoid robots, virtual motion for digital actors, and natural motions of human beings. He has published more than 150 papers in international journals and conferences in Robotics, Computer Science, Automatic Control and in Neurosciences. His current project Actanthrope (ERC-ADG 340050) is devoted to the computational foundations of anthropomorphic action. He teaches Robotics at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. He has been the 2011-2012 recipient of the Chaire Innovation technologique Liliane Bettencourt at Collège de France in Paris. He is the 2016 recipient of the IEEE Inaba Technical Award for Innovation Leading to Production. He is a member of the French Academy of Technologies and of the French Academy of Sciences.

"Human-centered approaches to designing robotic systems”

When we use robots to explore other planets, the deep sea, or our co-worker’s remote office spaces, we are blending our human perceptual systems and physical actuation capabilities with robotic systems. These systems can readily become an extension of ourselves, especially after years of practice. Coming from a human-robot interaction perspective, I’ll be sharing some experiences and lessons we’ve learned from years of running field and controlled lab studies with telepresence robotic systems, including some increasingly autonomous systems. The ultimate goal of our research is to improve the design of human-robot interactions to be more human-centered by design, focusing upon the needs, pain points, and capabilities of robot users.

Leila Takayama is an associate professor of Computational Media at the University of California, Santa Cruz, who studies human-robot interaction. Prior to UC Santa Cruz, she was a senior user experience researcher at GoogleX, and was a research scientist and area manager for human-robot interaction at Willow Garage. She has served as a World Economic Forum Global Futures Council Member and Young Global Leader. In 2015, she was presented the IEEE Robotics & Automation Society Early Career Award. In 2012, she was named a TR35 winner and one of the 100 most creative people in business by Fast Company.

With a background in Cognitive Science, Psychology, and Human-Computer Interaction, Professor Takayama examines human encounters with new technologies. She completed her PhD in Communication at Stanford University in 2008, advised by Professor Clifford Nass. She also holds a PhD minor in Psychology from Stanford, a master's degree in Communication from Stanford, and bachelor's of arts degrees in Psychology and Cognitive Science from UC Berkeley (2003). During her graduate studies, she was a research assistant in the User Interface Research (UIR) group at Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).

"The Era of Human-Robot Collaboration: Deep Sea Exploration”

Robotics is undergoing a major transformation in scope and dimension with accelerating impact on the economy, production, and culture of our global society. The generations of robots now being developed will increasingly touch people and their lives. They will explore, work, and interact with humans in their homes, workplaces, in new production systems, and in challenging field domains. The emerging robots will provide increased support in domestic, health, manufacturing, and service applications, as well as in agriculture, mining, underwater, hostile environments. Combining the cognitive abilities and experience of the human with the strength, dependability, reach, and endurance of robots will fuel a wide range of new robotic applications. The discussion focuses on design concepts, control architectures, task primitives and strategies that bring human modeling and skill understanding to the development of this new generation of collaborative robots. The work will be illustrated on diverse applications including Ocean One, a bimanual humanoid robotic diver designed to bring intuitive haptic physical interaction to oceanic environments.

Oussama Khatib received his PhD from Sup’Aero, Toulouse, France, in 1980. He is Professor of Computer Science and Director of the Robotics Laboratory at Stanford University. His research focuses on methodologies and technologies in human-centered robotics. He is a Fellow of IEEE, Co-Editor of the Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics (STAR) series, and the Springer Handbook of Robotics. Professor Khatib is the President of the International Foundation of Robotics Research (IFRR). He is recipient of the IEEE RAS Pioneer Award, the George Saridis Leadership Award, the Distinguished Service Award, the Japan Robot Association (JARA) Award, the Rudolf Kalman Award, and the IEEE Technical Field Award. In 2018, Professor Khatib was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.

"Humanoid robotics in manufacturing, services and science”

Humanoid robots (humanoids) are gaining more maturity in terms of hardware and embedded software intelligence. Each year we witness substantial improvement of an existing series and the revelation of new platforms. So far, humanoids' developments have been confined to research, and there is still much to do in several specific aspects in order to engage into an innovation pathway toward full industrial products. The first revealed applications and business cases of humanoid robots are oriented toward entertainments and disaster operations. In previous years, we focused our efforts on applications of humanoids in manufacturing and domotic assistance for frail persons. My talk will sum-up the achievements toward that purpose and perspectives in science, implying advances in machine intelligence.

Abderrahmane Kheddar received the BS in Computer Science degree from the Institut National d’Informatique (ESI), Algiers, the MSc and Ph.D. degree in robotics, both from Pierre et Marie Curie University, Sorbonne University, Paris. He is presently Directeur de Recherche at CNRS and the Codirector of the CNRS-AIST Joint Robotic Laboratory (JRL), IRL, Tsukuba, Japan (Created in 2008, Director from 2008 to 2018). He is also created and led the Interactive Digital Humans (IDH) team at CNRS-University of Montpellier LIRMM (from 2010 to 2020), France. His research interests include haptics, humanoids and recently thought-based control using brain machine interfaces. He is a founding member of the IEEE/RAS chapter on haptics, the co-chair and founding member of the IEEE/RAS Technical committee on model-based optimization, he is a member of the steering committee of the IEEE Brain Initiative, Editor of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, Founding member and Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Cyborg and Bionics System (a Science partner journal). He was Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Robotics (2013-2018) and is a founding member of the IEEE Transactions on Haptics and served in its editorial board (2007-2010). He is an IEEE senior member and titular full member of the National Academy of Technology of France and recently knight of the national order of merits of France.

"Personal Digital Twin and Human Motion Data Science”

Robotics and AI now focus on the modeling of personality of the humans. Computer vision with AI provides simple means to capture the data of a person. Dynamics and kinematics of robotics offer in-depth analysis of human movements including biomechanical information. This talk shows the pathway of human motion data science and introduces the recent developments in the fields.

Yoshihiko Nakamura is Professor Emeritus, and Senior Researcher, School of Engineering, University of Tokyo. He received Doctor of Engineering Degree from Kyoto University. He held faculty positions at Kyoto University as Assistant Professor (1982-1987) , University of California Santa Barbara, as Assistant and Associate Professor (1987-1991), and University of Tokyo as Associate and Full Professor (1991-2020). Humanoid robotics, cognitive robotics, neuro musculoskeletal human modeling, biomedical systems, and their computational algorithms are his current fields of research. He is Life Fellow of IEEE and Fellow of JSME, RSJ, and WAAS. Dr. Nakamura served as President of IFToMM (2012-2015). Dr. Nakamura is Foreign Member of Academy of Engineering Science of Serbia, and TUM Distinguished Affiliated Professor of Technische Universität München.

Session chair

“Interaction of humans and robots” will be moderated by Prof. Dr. Ir. Daniel J. Rixen as Session Chair.

The world is encountering challenges never seen before and expects new solutions to overwhelming problems. Robots and artificial intelligence can be key in providing such game-changing innovations for the near future. If it will be for the better or the worse depends on us all, scientists, engineers, managers and policy makers. Together, we have a responsibility to develop appropriate technologies and to apply them for the benefit of all.

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